Watershed National Water Quality Initiative Find out more about the Warrior Run Watershed National Water Quality Initiative by watching our video. Learn More Warrior Run hands holding and caring a young green plant Conservation is A Team Effort There are many ways to get involved with the NCCD. We welcome your involvement, as well as your ideas and input! Get Involved

Protecting
Land & Water

The NCCD, formed in 1949 under the Conservation District Law, is a subdivision of state government and is one of 66 Conservation Districts throughout the state of Pennsylvania. The purpose of the Conservation District is to promote the protection, maintenance, improvement, and wise use of the land, water, and other natural resources.

CURRENT OPERATING STATUS: The Northumberland County Conservation District office is closed until further notice. However, you may contact our office to make an appointment with a district staff person.

To make an appointment with a District staff person, please call 570-495-4665.  Voice messages left at our office will be checked at least twice a week.  For a faster response, you may email District Manager, Judy Becker at jbecker@nccdpa.org or call 570-898-3710. Thank you for your understanding during this time.

Farmland Preservation

Join the over 2,000 acres already preserved in Northumberland County, and preserve your farm for future generations.

Learn More »

Agriculture

We provide technical assistance to landowners regarding manure management, erosion & sedimentation, and best management practices.

Learn More & Find Potential Funding Sources »

Environmental Education

We receive requests for environmental education programs. See what programs we can offer you, and find the latest info about Envirothon events.

Learn More »

Watershed Protection

Everyone lives in a watershed. What’s yours, and what can you do to help protect it? You’ve come to the right place to find out.

Learn More »

Erosion & Sedimentation

Do you need an E&S control plan or a National Pollution Discharge and Elimination System permit for your project?

Learn More Before Starting A Project »

Dirt, Gravel, and Low Volume Roads

Municipalities have an opportunity to receive funding through the District thanks to this statewide program.

Learn More »

Dam Safety and Waterway Management

Many activities require permits when working in or around a stream. Find out what you need so you’re fully covered.

Learn More »

Mosquito-borne Disease Control

Mosquitoes are not only pesky, but they can also be deadly. Find out what we’re doing to minimize their effects.

Learn More »

Permits And Applications

Just need a form? You’ll find what you’re looking for right here.

Trees Are Awesome

The 2021 District Tree Sale has been cancelled. We hope to see you in 2022!

Upcoming Events

View All Events

Jul
1
Thu
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting
Jul 1 @ 7:00 PM
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting | Sunbury | Pennsylvania | United States

Board of Directors Agenda / Call-In Information – Coming Soon

Aug
5
Thu
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting
Aug 5 @ 7:00 PM
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting | Sunbury | Pennsylvania | United States

Board of Directors Agenda / Call-In Information – Coming Soon

Sep
2
Thu
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting
Sep 2 @ 7:00 PM
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting | Sunbury | Pennsylvania | United States

Board of Directors Agenda / Call-In Information – Coming Soon

Oct
7
Thu
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting
Oct 7 @ 7:00 PM
Board of Directors Meeting @ Zoom Meeting | Sunbury | Pennsylvania | United States

Board of Directors Agenda / Call-In Information – Coming Soon

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WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

1. Plant a Rain Garden

A rain garden consists of planting certain plants within a depressed area of a landscape. This allows for the plants to absorb the water through their root systems, rather than allowing the water to enter the storm sewer system. Allowing water to enter the storm sewer system increases the potential negative effects of runoff.

“By directing gutters and down spouts into this garden, you can assist rain water from roofs (an impervious or impermeable surface) to infiltrate into the groundwater.”

“Choosing plants for your rain garden that take deeper roots can help to encourage the water to infiltrate through the soil.”

“A rain garden is the perfect place to plant native plants on your property (number 3). Native plants are best adapted to local conditions and are easy to maintain. This a wonderful way to support the local ecosystem.”

“A good garden, especially a rain garden, starts with good soil. Learn how to obtain a soil test, click here.

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

10. Maintain Cars

“Keep your car properly maintained. Stop any drips or leaks from oil changes, wiper fluid, gasoline, etc., as soon as possible. Having those chemicals drip onto the ground can make them available to be picked up by storm water runoff. Which can carry the chemicals all the way to local waterways.”

“Motor oil and antifreeze can be recycled, and more importantly, should never be poured down a sink drain or sewer drain. Often this leads straight to local waterways anyway. Recycling centers, auto repair shops or gas stations may take your used chemicals, check with your local borough for information.”

For more information on what to do with your used motor oil, click here.

“Tip: when washing your car, go to a commercial car wash. Most commercial car washes recycle their water and some even use environmentally friendly chemicals.”

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

11. Clean Up Pet Waste

“Pets are not part of the wildlife ecosystem; therefore, their waste cannot be excused as comparable to that of the deer or other wildlife. Pets often leave waste in higher density, closer to stormwater runoff pathways, and are not consuming wild food sources that would otherwise break down naturally.”

“When pet waste is washed into lakes or streams the waste decays, using up oxygen and sometimes releasing ammonia. Low oxygen levels and ammonia combined with warm temperatures can kill fish.”

“Pet waste also contains nutrients that encourage weed and algae growth. Overly fertile water becomes cloudy and green – unattractive for swimming, boating, and fishing. Prevent your pet or farm animals from leaving waste within a 100-foot radius of your drinking water well or spring as it may contaminate your water source.”

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

12. Don't Salt Driveway

“Instead of using salt, use sand, chip at ice while plowing/shoveling, or brining the ice to clear the surface. If you must use salts, only apply at the temperature range in which they are effective (it will say right on the product), and use a spreader. Salt can be applied in excess quantities if not applied correctly.”

Road and sidewalk salt is often used liberally in Northumberland County in the winter, and can have affects that last beyond the winter season. Negative effects of salting include affecting the taste of drinking water, causing harm to people with certain health conditions, causing corrosion of infrastructure, and causing harm to aquatic life.

Once salt enters our water systems, it doesn't go away. As salts enter groundwater via surface runoff, they are building up. It then leaches into our streams and private wells, which is a serious concern for Northumberland County residents relying on private water wells for the drinking water source. Salts (particularly their cations) are an emerging contaminant of priority concern worldwide as new research is showing increased harmful effects.

“Fun Fact: 15 million metric tons of road salt have been used in the U.S. since 1940.”

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

13. Maintain Septic System

“Properly maintain your septic system. Pollution from septic leaks can cause not just environmental issues, but also dangers to human health. Human septic getting into waterways can cause dangerous nutrient and bacteria levels that can cause waterways to be closed to human activity.”

“At the least, it is recommended that you have your system pumped and inspected at every three years, if you have an average sized home.”

For more information on caring for your home septic, click here.

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

14. Use Chemicals Properly

“Always read and properly use lawn and garden chemicals. Excess use can result in the chemicals collecting in runoff and joining our water sources.”

“When you apply chemicals is also important. Be sure to check the weather and do not apply before a heavy rain. Chemicals may take several days to soak into your lawn before they are no longer a risk of washing away.”

“Choose less harmful or organic options when possible. Never apply chemicals within a 100-foot radius of your drinking water well or spring as you may contaminate you water source.”

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

15. Use Water Wisely

“When watering your lawn and garden, use water wisely. Water your lawn deeply 2-3 times a week instead of every day. Watering early in the morning is better than mid-day, to prevent excess evaporation.”

“Drip irrigation conserves water by pinpointing usage. Also, try planting Xeriscape plants, which are those that can tolerate dry condition, minimal need to water.”

For more water conservation tips, click here.

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

2. Install a Vegetative Buffer

” Install a buffer between your home and the edge of your property. These buffers are intended to intercept and slow runoff, providing increased infiltration for groundwater and decreased erosion.”

“Buffers have the capacity to remove up to 50% or more of nutrients and pesticides, up to 60% or more of certain pathogens, and up to 75% or more of sediment from storm water runoff.”

“Buffers, like rain gardens, provide food, nesting cover and shelter for many wildlife and insect species. They can also reduce noise and odor from outside your property.”

“Good buffer plants are anything with roots, but preferably native species that are tolerant of wet conditions. Those with deeper root systems prevent soil erosion and encourage infiltration.”

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

3. Plant Native Plants

“Native plants are species that occurred within a region before new plants were introduced by humans. There are approximately 2,100 native plants in Pennsylvania.”

When choose native plants for landscaping, look to buy from nurseries, and not by removing the species from the wild. This ensures that you are getting the correct plants and that you are not depleting or disrupting native populations.

“Native plants support local pollinators, and provide food for native bird species. Native species require fewer soil amendments and less maintenance. These species are adapted to local conditions and can establish heartier roots. Planting native plants not only benefits local pollinators, and birds, but also other native species, making a stronger ecosystem overall.”

For information on landscaping with native plants, click here.

For information on why invasive species are bad, click here.

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

4. Install a Rain Barrel

“Rain barrels and cisterns are a way to disconnect the downspout and save the stormwater for other uses. Rain barrels are typically connected to gutter downspouts and they collect the runoff from roofs.”

“The benefits of using a rain barrel include conserving water and repurposing. The water can be used to water indoor and outdoor plants, to wash cars and outdoor furniture, and for many other uses. Barrels also lower home water bills by reducing metered water usage.

To learn how to create a rain barrel connected to a downspout, click here.

To learn how to create a standalone rain barrel, click here.

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

5. Install Pervious Surfaces

An impervious surface is a solid surface that does not allow water to penetrate, which forces the water to runoff. Examples of impervious surfaces are asphalt, concrete, traditional stone, brick or concrete pavers. Pervious surfaces (also called porous or permeable surfaces) allow water to penetrate into the soil and can filter out pollutants as it recharges the water table. Some examples of pervious surfaces are permeable pavers, turf, planting beds, and mulched beds.

“Instead of using impervious surfaces to pave your driveway or walkways, using permeable surfaces increases the infiltration of stormwater and reduces surface runoff. This can prevent flooding, and erosion and sediment pollution.”

For more information on impervious surfaces, click here.

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

6. Direct Downspouts Away

“Direct your downspouts further into your lawn or garden, forcing the water coming off of your roof (an impervious surface) onto a pervious surface (your lawn).”

Do not direct your downspout onto your walkways or driveways, as it simply moves the storm water from one impervious surface (your roof) onto another (your driveway). This does nothing to disconnect the storm water from run off, and doesn’t help to reduce erosion and sediment pollution.

“The best place to direct downspouts is into a rain barrel, rain garden or buffer. Using the storm water to water plants, or for other purposes is the best way to make use of this resource.”

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

7. Clean Up Fallen Leaves

“Keep fallen leaves out of the ditches and street gutters, to allow stormwater to flow freely. Allowing leaves to back up can cause flooding and over time will fill in the gutter or ditch, making it ineffective. Leaves should not be raked into waterways, such as lakes, streams, or wetlands. This can cause excess nutrients in the water, leading to algae blooms and vegetation growth. Leaves should also not be blown into roadways where they will eventually clog storm drains.”

“Fallen leaves should be viewed as an abundant resource that comes in piles every year. Leaves are the primary component in rich soil that forms on the forest floor and help to add nutrients to the soil. Leaves in the soil also increase the air and water movement. These are things that a garden can never have too much of.”

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

8. Limit Lawn Size

“Limit the size of your mowed, short grass area of your lawn. By leaving parts of your property and lawn natural, you can increase the amount of storm water on your property infiltrating into the groundwater. Taller plants, with deeper roots and varied species, hold water and slow down the run off. The more complex root system can help to filter the water it is infiltrating, reducing the amount of non-point source pollution coming from your property. A small lawn also has the benefit of lower maintenance and less mowing, saving you money, time and emissions.”

“Leaving natural areas on your property can also provide food, habitat, and resources for native species. This will boost the local ecosystem, and not only provide water filtration and infiltration, but benefits to pollinators and birds as well.”

*Be sure to check with your local municipality for more information regarding regulations.

For more information on maintaining a healthy lawn and environment, click here.

WATERSHED-FRIENDLY HOME

9. Plant Trees, Shrubs and Groundcovers

“On your property, plant trees, shrubs, and groundcovers (such as grass, creeping thyme, etc). These types of plants are very good for preventing soil erosion, due to their deeper root system (as you can see in the image above). Erosion leads to sediment pollution in your watersheds.”

“Sediment pollution can cause major problems, such as increased waterway flooding due to sediment clogging the waterway. The water becomes cloudy and brown with sediment pollution, and prevents light from reaching the aquatic plants, and aquatic animals cannot see in this muddy water. It disrupts the entire aquatic food chain.”

For help finding the recommended native plants to use, click here.

Landowner Survey

We want to hear from you!

ake this quick survey, and tell us what actions you would be willing to take to make your home more watershed-friendly.  You can also share any barriers you may face trying to take action on your property. 

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